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History of Batik Indonesia

History of Batik Indonesia

Batik is historically derived from the time of the ancestors, known since the XVII century is written and painted on the leaves Lontar. At that time batik motif or pattern is still dominated by the form of animals and plants. However, in the history of its development to the development of batik, which is from the pattern-color paintings of animals and plants slowly move on the abstract patterns that resemble a cloud, temple reliefs, wayang beber, and so forth. Then through the merger with the art style paintings decorating clothing, batik art show as we know now.



Type and traditional batik patterns are very many, but the patterns and variations in accordance with the philosophy and culture of each region is very diverse. Khasanah culture of a nation so rich has been to encourage the birth of various patterns and types of traditional batik with specially own characteristics.

The development of Batik in Indonesia
History pembatikan in Indonesia related to the development of the kingdom of Majapahit kingdom and beyond. In some notes, the development of batik is done many times in the kingdom of Mataram, and the kingdom of Solo and Yogyakarta.

Batik art is art in the image on the cloth for clothing that was one of the family culture of kings before the era of Indonesia. Originally batik is limited only in the Palace and the results for the king's clothes and the family and its followers. Because many of the cohort who live outside the king's Palace, the batik art is carried out by them and the Palace are ditempatnya each.

The process of batik
In its development slowly batik art is imitated by the people nearest and further extended the work to be women in the household to fill leisure time. Furthermore, the batik was only clothes the family palace, and then become something that people tune, both women and men.

Of white cloth that is used at that time is the result of the texture itself. Medium coloring materials used consist of plants native to Indonesia made from, among others: tree mengkudu, high, soga, indigo, and sodanya made from soda ash, salt and mud made from clay.

So this handicraft batik in Indonesia has been known since the times of the kingdom of Majapahit and growing up to the next kingdom. The expansion began this batik art become the property of the people of Indonesia and Java in particular tribe is after the end of XVIII century or early-to-XIX centuries. Batik is produced until all batik-century to early XX and cap batik, known after the new world after the war kesatu or around 1920. Batik is now a part of the traditional Indonesian clothing.

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